The term “Axis” was first mentioned on October 25, 1936 when German leader Adolf Hitler and the Italian prime minister Benito Mussolini signed an alliance.
The reason for that was a dissatisfaction of Great Britain and France over lost territories from WWI.
The Axis Pact
One month later, the next step was taken, in the year 1936, when Japan joined Germany and Italy by signing an alliance with them. They planned to expand fascism across Europe, and then to rest of the world.
Japan joined this alliance because they attacked China which resulted in disagreement with the west, and especially United States. This conflict had just a small role in the starting of World War 2. There were also other countries involved with the alliance like Yugoslavia, Croatia, Bulgaria and others. After gaining power, Adolf Hitler was chosen to be the leader and during his lifetime, he became a dictator as well.
The Rise of Adolf Hitler
Because Hitler had all the power, he wanted to expand his land territories to other countries, so he needed a reason to go to war. Adolf masked a couple of German soldiers to look like Poland soldiers and attacked a German radio station, and Poland was blamed for the attack, so that’s how the war started.
In the spring of the year 1939, Italy and Germany strengthened their relationships so the Axis pact was renamed to Pact of Steel. With the support of Slovakia, Germany attacked Poland. Italy joined the war in the middle of 1940, while France was falling. Japan entered the following year after attacking a port in United States at a Hawaiian shore Pearl Harbor. They attacked it by surprise on 7th of December early in the morning in the year 1941. Countries wanted to keep United States away from interference to a Japan conquest on the Pacific.