The Second World War, also known ad WW2, WWII or World War II, was a huge global conflict that took place in the 20th century between the years of 1939 and 1945. The Second World War can often be difficult to discuss because of the sheer size of the conflict which spanned continents, involved numerous countries and resulted in many fatalities. It is estimated that over 100 million people were somehow involved in the war. These many people came from over 30 different countries.
The two primary sides can be divided into two main camps, that is the Allies and the Axis. The Allies consisted of Russia, the United States and the United Kingdom (among many others), while the main players in the Axis were Germany, Japan, and Italy. The Second World War was host to some of the world’s most horrific and memorable atrocities, including The Battle of Britain, the attack on Pearl Harbor and of course the incomprehensible crimes of Auschwitz.
The Second World War was started by the Germans when they invaded Poland in 1939. We shall look at the complex causes of this in more detail later; the war ended in 1945 with the defeat of the Germans and the fall of both Mussolini in Italy and the infamous Adolf Hitler in Berlin.
Another outcome of the Second World War after Japan refused to comply with the conventions of the Potsdam Declarations was the only ever use of an atomic bomb. The United States dropped the bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6th and August 9th, 1945. No nuclear weapon has ever been used since. The Second World War had a huge impact on the world, not least the 50 year Cold War which came out of the divisions which were forged in this turbulent time.